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Researcher Kadel, Raju
Advisor Varma, A. K.
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher LUVAS
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Animal husbandry
Subject Keyword Male Buffalo Calves ♦ Growth Performance ♦ Protein Sources ♦ Livestock Production and Management ♦ Studies On Protein Feeding From Different Sources On Growth Performance In Male Buffalo Calves
Abstract The present experiment was conducted on growing Murrah buffalo male calves of 135 kg average initial body weight and average 11 month age for a period of 90 days to determine the growth performance, feed conversion efficiency, certain hematological parameters, and cost of feeding in Murrah male calves. The calves were divided into four groups of six each randomly and denoted as T1, T2, T3 and T4. . The energy and protein requirement of the animals were met as per the recommendation of ICAR (Ranjhan, 1998). All the four rations were isonitrogenous and isocaloric in nature (CP 20% and TDN 73%). In treatment T1, mustard cake as sole protein source. In treatment T2, concentrate mixture containing combinations of two protein sources-50% of mustard cake will be replaced with soybean meal, in treatment T3, concentrate mixture containing combinations of two protein sources- 50% of mustard cake will be replaced with groundnut cake. In the treatment T4 concentrate mixture containing combinations of three protein sources-33% mustard cake, 33% groundnut cake and 33% soybean meal. The average daily gain in body weight under T1, T2, T3 and T4 was 655.20, 599.66, 599.60 and 661.80 g respectively. Although, apparently higher average daily body weight gain was observed in T4 and T1 but these were statistically non significant among the treatments. Similarly the body measurements were not significantly influenced by the treatments. The average daily intake of DM, CP and TDN per gain in body weight was not significantly influenced by different sources of protein. The nutrient digestibility coefficients under various treatments did not differ significantly influenced by different sources of protein. The total CP intake, DCP intake and total TDN intake under various treatments did not significantly influenced by different sources of protein. The blood profile, hemoglobin level, blood glucose level and plasma protein were found non significant in different sources of protein. The cost per kg body weight gain was slightly lower in group fed MC (Rs 41.87) as protein source in concentrate mixture as compared to other groups . Feeding of mustard cake as protein source for growing buffalo calves is economical as compared to soybean and/or groundnut cake.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Size (in Bytes) 602.39 kB