|Author||Räihä, Kari-Jouko ♦ Zweben, Stuart H.|
|Source||ACM Digital Library|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Subject Keyword||Height-balanced trees ♦ Search trees ♦ One-sided height-balanced trees ♦ Binary trees ♦ Insertion|
|Abstract||An algorithm for inserting an element into a one-sided height-balanced (OSHB) binary search tree is presented. The algorithm operates in time O(log n), where n is the number of nodes in the tree. This represents an improvement over the best previously known insertion algorithms of Hirschberg and Kosaraju, which require time O(log2n). Moreover, the O(log n) complexity is optimal.Earlier results have shown that deletion in such a structure can also be performed in O(log n) time. Thus the result of this paper gives a negative answer to the question of whether such trees should be the first examples of their kind, where deletion has a smaller time complexity than insertion. Furthermore, it can now be concluded that insertion, deletion, and retrieval in OSHB trees can be performed in the same time as the corresponding operations for the more general AVL trees, to within a constant factor. However, the insertion and deletion algorithms for OSHB trees appear much more complicated than the corresponding algorithms for AVL trees.|
|Description||Affiliation: Univ. of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland (Räihä, Kari-Jouko) || Ohio State Univ., Columbus (Zweben, Stuart H.)|
|Age Range||18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||New York|
|Journal||Communications of the ACM (CACM)|
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