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Author Awad, Neveen ♦ Tan, Joseph ♦ Wen, H. Joseph
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Language English
Abstract Alan Turing and John von Neumann pioneered the study of complex systems. In analyzing feedback processes, they were interested in how complex interacting systems can respond to new information. Among other things, they found that some systems with many interactions among highly differentiated parts can produce surprisingly simple, predictable behavior (such as a programmable mechanical routine or process), while others generate behavior that may be impossible to predict, even though these systems feature simple laws and few actors or agents (such as an evolving living organism).
Description Affiliation: Southeast Missouri State University, in Cape Girardeau, MO (Wen, H. Joseph) || Wayne State University in Detroit, MI (Tan, Joseph; Awad, Neveen)
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2005-08-01
Publisher Place New York
Journal Communications of the ACM (CACM)
Volume Number 48
Issue Number 5
Page Count 9
Starting Page 36
Ending Page 44

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Source: ACM Digital Library