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Author Nolan, Richard L.
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Keyword Computer resource ♦ Control ♦ Computer budget ♦ Computer management ♦ Planning ♦ Stage hypothesis ♦ Computer expenditures ♦ Organizing
Abstract Based on the study of expenditures for data processing, a descriptive stage hypothesis is presented. It is suggested that the planning, organizing, and controlling activities associated with managing the computer resource will change in character over a period of time, and will evolve in patterns roughly correlated to four stages of the computer budget: Stage I (computer acquisition), Stage II (intense system development), Stage III (proliferation of controls), and Stage IV (user/service orientation). Each stage is described and related to individual tasks for managing the computer resource.
Description Affiliation: Harvard Univ., Boston, MA (Nolan, Richard L.)
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2005-08-01
Publisher Place New York
Journal Communications of the ACM (CACM)
Volume Number 16
Issue Number 7
Page Count 7
Starting Page 399
Ending Page 405


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Source: ACM Digital Library