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Author Weidemann, Eva ♦ Buss, Wolfram ♦ Edo, Mar ♦ Mašek, Ondřej ♦ Jansson, Stina
Source Paperity
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
File Format PDF ♦ HTM / HTML
Copyright Year ©2017
Subject Keyword Environment ♦ Environmental chemistry ♦ Ecotoxicology ♦ Environmental health ♦ Atmospheric protection/air quality control/air pollution ♦ Waste water technology / water pollution control / water management / aquatic pollution
Abstract The influence of reactor type and operating conditions of the pyrolysis unit on the final concentration of toxic contaminants in biochar remains unclear. Therefore, we determined the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (oxy-PAHs), nitrogen-containing polycyclic aromatic compounds (N-PACs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in biochars produced from three different feedstocks (softwood, wheat straw, and anaerobic digestate). Different scaled pyrolysis units (one batch and two continuous units) at two different temperatures (550 and 700 °C) were considered. The results revealed that the type of biomass had a significant influence on the PAH, oxy-PAH, and N-PAC content of the biochars. The configuration and type of the pyrolysis unit influenced only the wheat straw pyrolyzed at 550 °C. PCDDs and PCDFs occurred at very low levels in the biochars. In terms of PAH, PCDD, and PCDF content, the biochars assessed in this study represent a low risk to the environment, regardless of the temperature and type and size of the pyrolysis unit.
ISSN 09441344
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-11-08
e-ISSN 16147499
Journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research