|Author||Syarifah, Ratna Dewi ♦ Suud, Zaki|
|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS ♦ GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS ♦ AMERICIUM ♦ BURNABLE POISONS ♦ ENRICHMENT ♦ FISSILE MATERIALS ♦ FUEL PINS ♦ HALF-LIFE ♦ INDIUM FLUORIDES ♦ MIXED NITRIDE FUELS ♦ MODERATORS ♦ PLUTONIUM 239 ♦ PLUTONIUM NITRIDES ♦ PROTACTINIUM 231 ♦ PWR TYPE REACTORS ♦ REACTIVITY ♦ REACTOR CORES ♦ SPENT FUELS ♦ URANIUM ♦ URANIUM 235 ♦ URANIUM NITRIDES|
|Abstract||Design study of small Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) core loaded with uranium nitride fuel (UN) and mixed nitride fuel (UN-PuN), Pa-231 as burnable poison, and Americium has been performed. Pa-231 known as actinide material, have large capture cross section and can be converted into fissile material that can be utilized to reduce excess reactivity. Americium is one of minor actinides with long half life. The objective of adding americium is to decrease nuclear spent fuel in the world. The neutronic analysis results show that mixed nitride fuel have k-inf greater than uranium nitride fuel. It is caused by the addition of Pu-239 in mixed nitride fuel. In fuel fraction analysis, for uranium nitride fuel, the optimum volume fractions are 45% fuel fraction, 10% cladding and 45% moderator. In case of UN-PuN fuel, the optimum volume fractions are 30% fuel fraction, 10% cladding and 60% coolant/ moderator. The addition of Pa-231 as burnable poison for UN fuel, enrichment U-235 5%, with Pa-231 1.6% has k-inf more than one and excess reactivity of 14.45%. And for mixed nitride fuel, the lowest value of reactivity swing is when enrichment (U-235+Pu) 8% with Pa-231 0.4%, the excess reactivity value 13,76%. The fuel pin analyze for the addition of Americium, the excess reactivity value is lower than before, because Americium absorb the neutron. For UN fuel, enrichment U-235 8%, Pa-231 1.6% and Am 0.5%, the excess reactivity is 4.86%. And for mixed nitride fuel, when enrichment (U-235+Pu) 13%, Pa-231 0.4% and Am 0.1%, the excess reactivity is 11.94%. For core configuration, it is better to use heterogeneous than homogeneous core configuration, because the radial power distribution is better.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
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