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Author Clark, Nicole C. ♦ Pru, Cindy A. ♦ Yee, Siu-Pok ♦ Lydon, John P. ♦ Peluso, John J. ♦ Pru, James K.
Source Paperity
Content type Text
Publisher Oxford University Press
File Format PDF ♦ HTM / HTML
Copyright Year ©2017
Abstract The nonclassical progesterone receptors progesterone receptor membrane component (PGRMC) 1 and PGRMC2 have been implicated in regulating cell survival of endometrial and ovarian cells in vitro and are abundantly expressed in these cell types. The objective of this study was to determine if Pgrmc1 and Pgrmc2 are essential for normal female reproduction. To accomplish this objective, Pgrmc1 and/or Pgrmc2 floxed mice (Pgrmc2fl/fl and Pgrmc1/2fl/fl) were crossed with Pgr-cre mice, which resulted in the conditional ablation of Pgrmc1 and/or Pgrmc2 from female reproductive tissues (i.e.,Pgrmc2d/d and Pgrmc1/2d/d mice). A breeding trial revealed that conditional ablation of Pgrmc2 initially led to subfertility, with Pgrmc2d/d female mice producing 47% fewer pups/litter than Pgrmc2fl/fl mice (P = 0.001). Pgrmc2d/d mice subsequently underwent premature reproductive senescence by parities 2 to 5, producing 37.8% fewer litters overall during the trial compared with Pgrmc2fl/fl mice (P = 0.020). Similar results were observed with Pgrmc1/2d/d mice. Based on ovarian morphology and serum P4, the subfertility/infertility was not due to faulty ovulation or luteal insufficiency. Rather an analysis of midgestation implantation sites revealed that postimplantation embryonic death was the major cause of the subfertility/infertility. As with our previous report of Pgrmc1d/d mice, Pgrmc2d/d and Pgrmc1/2d/d mice developed endometrial cysts consistent with accelerated aging of this tissue. Given the timing of postimplantation embryonic demise, uterine decidualization may be disrupted in mice deficient in PGRMC2 or PGRMC1/2. Overall, this study revealed that Pgrmc1 and/or Pgrmc2 are required for the maintenance of uterine histoarchitecture and normal female reproductive lifespan.
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-03-01
Journal Endocrinology
Volume Number 158
Issue Number 3