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Author Raherison, Chantal ♦ Bouvier, Ghislaine ♦ Tessier, Jeanfrançois ♦ Baldi, Isabelle ♦ Mamane, Ali
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher European Respiratory Society
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2015-09-07
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) RC705-779
Subject Keyword Diseases of the respiratory system ♦ Internal medicine ♦ Medicine ♦ Specialties of internal medicine
Abstract Respiratory effects of environmental exposure to pesticides are debated. Here we aimed to review epidemiological studies published up until 2013, using the PubMed database. 20 studies dealing with respiratory health and non-occupational pesticide exposure were identified, 14 carried out on children and six on adults. In four out of nine studies in children with biological measurements, mothers' dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) blood levels during pregnancy were associated with asthma and wheezing in young children. An association was also found between permethrin in indoor air during pregnancy and wheezing in children. A significant association between asthma and DDE measured in children's blood (aged 7–10 years) was observed in one study. However, in three studies, no association was found between asthma or respiratory infections in children and pesticide levels in breast milk and/or infant blood. Lastly, in three out of four studies where post-natal pesticide exposure of children was assessed by parental questionnaire an association with respiratory symptoms was found. Results of the fewer studies on pesticide environmental exposure and respiratory health of adults were much less conclusive: indeed, the associations observed were weak and often not significant. In conclusion, further studies are needed to confirm whether there is a respiratory risk associated with environmental exposure to pesticides.
ISSN 16000617
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-09-01
e-ISSN 09059180
Journal European Respiratory Review
Volume Number 24
Issue Number 137
Page Count 12
Starting Page 462
Ending Page 473


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)