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Author Firouznia, Kavous ♦ Hosseininasab, Sayed jaber ♦ Amanpour, Saeid ♦ Haj-Mirzaian, Arya ♦ Miri, Roza ♦ Muhammadnejad, Ahad ♦ Muhammadnejad, Samad ♦ Jalali, Amir H. ♦ Ahmadi, Farrokhlagha ♦ Rokni-Yazdi, Hadi
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ♦ ABLATION ♦ ANIMAL TISSUES ♦ ARTERIES ♦ BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY ♦ CAT SCANNING ♦ COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS ♦ CONCENTRATION RATIO ♦ CREATININE ♦ ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION ♦ ETHANOL ♦ HYPERTENSION ♦ INJECTION ♦ INJURIES ♦ KIDNEYS ♦ MAGNETIC RESONANCE ♦ NERVES ♦ NORADRENALINE ♦ PHOSPHORUS 40 ♦ RADIOWAVE RADIATION ♦ SHEEP
Abstract BackgroundRenal nerves are a recent target in the treatment of hypertension. Renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) is currently performed using catheter-based radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and because this method has limitations, percutaneous magnetic resonance (MR)-guided periarterial ethanol injection is a suggested alternative. However, few studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of percutaneous ethanol injection for RSD.AimTo evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided periarterial ethanol injection.MethodsEthanol (10 ml, 99.6 %) was injected around the right renal artery in six sheep under CT guidance with the left kidney serving as a control. Before and after the intervention, the sheep underwent MR imaging studies and the serum creatinine level was measured. One month after the intervention, the sheep were euthanized and norepinephrine (NE) concentration in the renal parenchyma was measured to evaluate the efficacy of the procedure. The treated tissues were also examined histopathologically to evaluate vascular, parenchymal, and neural injury.ResultsThe right kidney parenchymal NE concentration decreased significantly compared with the left kidney after intervention (average reduction: 40 %, P = 0.0016). Histologic examination revealed apparent denervation with no other vascular or parenchymal injuries observed in the histological and imaging studies.ConclusionEffective and feasible RSD was achieved using CT-guided periarterial ethanol injection. This technique may be a potential alternative to catheter-based RFA in the treatment of hypertension.
ISSN 01741551
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-08-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume Number 38
Issue Number 4


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