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Author Epark, Youngjune ♦ Epetit, Camille ♦ Elin, Kunyi Andrew ♦ Park, Ahhyung Alissa
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Frontiers Media S.A.
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2016-07-07
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) A
Subject Keyword CO2 capture ♦ CO2 Binding Organic Liquids ♦ Novel liquid solvent ♦ Solvent regeneration ♦ Nanoparticle Organic Hybrid Materials ♦ Ionic Liquids ♦ General Works
Abstract CO2 capture by amine scrubbing, which has a high CO2 capture capacity and a rapid reaction rate, is the most employed and investigated approach to date. There are a number of recent large-scale demonstrations including the Boundary Dam Carbon Capture Project by SaskPower in Canada that have reported successful implementations of aqueous amine solvent in CO2 capture from flue gases. The findings from these demonstrations will significantly advance the field of CO2 capture in the coming years. While the latest efforts in aqueous amine solvents are exciting and promising, there are still several drawbacks to amine-based CO2 capture solvents including high volatility and corrosiveness of the amine solutions, as well as the high parasitic energy penalty during the solvent regeneration step. Thus, in a parallel effort, alternative CO2 capture solvents, which are often anhydrous, have been developed as the third-generation CO2 capture solvents. These novel classes of liquid materials include: Ionic Liquids (ILs), CO2-triggered switchable solvents (i.e., CO2 Binding Organic Liquids (CO2BOLs), Reversible Ionic Liquids (RevILs)), and Nanoparticle Organic Hybrid Materials (NOHMs). This paper provides a review of these various anhydrous solvents and their potential for CO2 capture. Particular attention is given to the mechanisms of CO2 absorption in these solvents, their regeneration and their processability – especially taking into account their viscosity. While not intended to provide a complete coverage of the existing literature, this review aims at pointing the major findings reported for these new classes of CO2 capture media.
ISSN 2296598X
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-10-01
e-ISSN 2296598X
Journal Frontiers in Energy Research
Volume Number 3

Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)