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Author Nurulhuda, I. ♦ Poh, R. ♦ Mazatulikhma, M. Z. ♦ Rusop, M. ♦ Salman, A. H. A. ♦ Haseeb, A. K.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY ♦ CARBON NANOTUBES ♦ CATALYSTS ♦ CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION ♦ COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS ♦ FERROCENE ♦ FIELD EMISSION ♦ LIQUIDS ♦ POLYETHYLENES ♦ PRECURSOR ♦ RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY ♦ RESPIRATION ♦ SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY ♦ SYNTHESIS ♦ TOXICITY ♦ VIABILITY
Abstract Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have potential biomedical applications, and investigations are shifting towards the production of such nanotubes using renewable natural sources. CNTs were synthesized at various temperatures of 700, 750, 800, 850 and 900 °C, respectively, using a local fermented food known as “tapai ubi” or fermented tapioca as a precursor. The liquid part of this fermented food was heated separately at 80°C and channeled directly into the furnace system that employs the thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. Ferrocene, which was the catalyst was placed in furnace 1 in the thermal CVD process. The resulting CNTs produced from the process were studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The FESEM images showed the growth morphology of the CNTs at the different temperatures employed. It was observed that the higher the synthesis temperature up to a point, the diameter of CNTs produced, after which the diameter increased. CNTs with helical structures were observed at 700 °C with a diameter range of 111 - 143 nm. A more straightened structure was observed at 750 °C with a diameter range of 59 - 121 nm. From 800 °C onwards, the diameters of the CNTs were less than 60 nm. Raman analysis revealed the present of D, G and G’ peak were observed at 1227-1358, 1565-1582, and 2678-2695 cm{sup −1}, respectively. The highest degree of crystallity of the carbon nanotubes synthesized were obtained at 800 °C. The radial breathing mode (RBM) were in range between 212-220 and 279-292 cm{sup −1}. Carbon nanotubes also being functionalized with Polyethylene bis(amine) Mw2000 (PEG 2000-NH2) and showed highly cells viability compared to non-functionalized CNT. The nanotubes synthesized will be applied as drug delivery in future study.
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-07-06
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 1733
Issue Number 1


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