|Author||Dillencourt, Michael B. ♦ Samet, Hanan ♦ Tamminen, Markku|
|Source||ACM Digital Library|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Abstract||An improved and general approach to connected-component labeling of images is presented. The algorithm presented in this paper processes images in predetermined order, which means that the processing order depends only on the image representation scheme and not on specific properties of the image. The algorithm handles a wide variety of image representation schemes (rasters, run lengths, quadrees, bintrees, etc.). How to adapt the standard UNION-FIND algorithm to permit reuse of temporary labels is shown. This is done using a technique called age balancing, in which, when two labels are merged, the older label becomes the father of the younger label. This technique can be made to coexist with the more conventional rule of weight balancing, in which the label with more descendants becomes the father of the label with fewer descendants. Various image scanning orders are examined and classified. It is also shown that when the algorithm is specialized to a pixel array scanned in raster order, the total processing time is linear in the number of pixels. The linear-time processing time follows from a special property of the UNION-FIND algorithm, which may be of independent interest. This property states that under certain restrictions on the input, UNION-FIND runs in time linear in the number of FIND and UNION operations. Under these restrictions, linear-time performance can be achieved without resorting to the more complicated Gabow-Tarjan algorithm for disjoint set union.|
|Age Range||18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||New York|
|Journal||Journal of the ACM (JACM)|
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