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Source OECD iLibrary
Content type Text
Publisher OECD Publishing
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Economics ♦ Financial economics
Subject Keyword Finance and Investment
Abstract Although the main focus of this study is on the implications of newly emerging systemic risks for the insurability of those risks, the importance of developments in the legal system will also be underlined Indeed, one consequence of increasing systemic risks will be the fact that more accidents may obviously happen – accidents, moreover, with a higher damage potential. One (important) way that the consequences of these accidents can affect insurers is through the use of liability law. Indeed, the first question that will often arise when a group of persons is victimised as a result of a systemic risk, is whether a third party can be made liable for the consequences of an accident. The legal tool to force the third party to pay compensation to the victim is obviously liability law, also referred to (in some legal systems) as tort law. As a result of newly emerging risks, in many countries there has been a legal trend towards expanding liability. Indeed, in many legal systems legislators and judges have become increasingly sympathetic to the interests of victims and have therefore tried to accommodate them as much as possible so that they could get compensation for their losses via liability law. The tools to achieve this goal were given either by the legislator or by judges, in the latter case, by means of broad victim-friendly-interpretations in case law. Although this trend towards an expansion of liability law may to a large extent have accommodated the interests of victims, the other side of the medal is obviously that it has led to an increasing pressure on enterprises and therefore also on their insurers. It is particularly against the increasing use of liability law that insurers have been looking for remedies. In some legal systems, such as that in the US, scholars like Priest have argued that it has been the expansion of liability law, which has led to an insurance crisis.17 We will therefore focus on these developments in liability law to see whether they have had a negative impact on the insurability of risks. In the next section (Ch. 3) we will then address the insurability of systemic risks more broadly, and then come back to the developments in liability, considering in what way they negatively affect insurability (Ch. 4)...
Learning Resource Type Chapter
Publisher Date 2003-07-28
Organization OECD
Page Count 86
Starting Page 21
Ending Page 79

Source: OECD iLibrary