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Author Moussa, C. ♦ El Sayah, Z. ♦ Chajewski, G. ♦ Berche, A. ♦ Dorcet, V. ♦ Pikul, A. P. ♦ Pasturel, M. ♦ Joanny, L. ♦ Stepnik, B. ♦ Tougait, O.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY ♦ MATERIALS SCIENCE ♦ ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS ♦ CRYSTAL LATTICES ♦ DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS ♦ ELECTRON DIFFRACTION ♦ EXPERIMENTAL DATA ♦ GERMANIUM COMPOUNDS ♦ SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY ♦ SOLID SOLUTIONS ♦ SPACE GROUPS ♦ SPECIFIC HEAT ♦ URANIUM COMPOUNDS ♦ X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Abstract The phase relations within the U-Al-Ge ternary system were studied for two isothermal sections, at 673 K for the whole Gibbs triangle and at 1173 K for the concentration range 25–100 at% U. The identification of the phases, their composition ranges and stability were determined by x-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive spectroscopy and differential thermal analysis. The tie-lines and the solubility domains were determined for the U-Ge and U-Al binaries, the UAl{sub 3}-UGe{sub 3} solid-solution and for the unique ternary intermediate phase U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x}. The experimental isopleth section of the pseudo-binary UAl{sub 3}-UGe{sub 3} reveals an isomorphous solid solution based on the Cu{sub 3}Au-type below the solidus. The U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} solid solution extends for −0.1≤x≤1.35 and −0.2≤x≤1.5 at 673 K and 1173 K respectively. It crystallizes in the I-centered tetragonal symmetry. The reciprocal lattice of several compositions of the U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} solid solution was examined by electron diffraction at room temperature, revealing the presence of a c-glide plane. Their crystal structure was refined by single crystal x-ray diffraction suggesting an isomorphous solid solution best described with the non-centrosymmetric space group I4cm in the paramagnetic domain. The magnetic measurements confirm the ferromagnetic ordering of the solid solution U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} with an increase of Tc with the Al content. The thermal variation of the specific heat bear out the magnetic transitions with some delocalized character of the uranium 5f electrons. - Graphical abstract: The phase relations within the U-Al-Ge ternary system were experimentally assessed for two isothermal sections, at 673 K for the whole Gibbs triangle and at 1173 K for the concentration range 25–100 at% U. A complete UAl{sub 3}-UGe{sub 3} solid-solution based on the Cu{sub 3}Au-type forms below the solidus. A unique ternary phase showing a large homogeneity domain, U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} for −0.1≤x≤1.35 and −0.2≤x≤1.5 at 673 K and 1173 K respectively has been evidenced. It is best described with the non-centrosymmetric space group I4cm above room temperature. A linear increase of the ferromagnetic ordering is observed with the Al content. - Highlights: • Isothermal sections of the U-Al-Ge system were investigated for 673 K and 1173 K. • An isomorphous solid-solution UAl{sub 3}-UGe{sub 3} forms for the whole composition range. • U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} the unique ternary phase to form exists for a large homogeneity domain. • U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} is best described in I4cm space group above room temperature. • The ferromagnetic transition of U{sub 3}Al{sub 2−x}Ge{sub 3+x} linearly increases with the Al content.
ISSN 00224596
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-11-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume Number 243


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