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Author De, Vries Nanne K. ♦ Gubbels, Jessica S. ♦ Carel, Thijs ♦ Pj, Kremers Stef ♦ Goldbohm, R. ♦ Annette, Stafleu
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher BioMed Central
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2013-03-12
Copyright Year ©2012
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) RC620-627 ♦ RA1-1270
Subject Keyword Nutritional diseases ♦ Deficiency diseases ♦ Internal medicine ♦ Medicine ♦ Specialties of internal medicine ♦ Physical activity ♦ Factor analysis ♦ Eating pattern ♦ Public aspects of medicine ♦ Diet ♦ Sedentary behavior ♦ Overweight ♦ Screen-based behavior ♦ Principal component analysis ♦ BMI
Abstract Abstract Background This study identified lifestyle patterns by examining the clustering of eating routines (e.g. eating together as a family, having the television on during meals, duration of meals) and various activity-related behaviors (i.e. physical activity (PA) and sedentary screen-based behavior) in 5-year-old children, as well as the longitudinal association of these patterns with weight status (BMI and overweight) development up to age 8. Methods Data originated from the KOALA Birth Cohort Study (N = 2074 at age 5). Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify lifestyle patterns. Backward regression analyses were used to examine the association of lifestyle patterns with parent and child background characteristics, as well as the longitudinal associations between the patterns and weight status development. Results Four lifestyle patterns emerged from the PCA: a ‘Television–Snacking’ pattern, a ‘Sports–Computer’ pattern, a ‘Traditional Family’ pattern, and a “Fast’ Food’ pattern. Child gender and parental educational level, working hours and body mass index were significantly associated with the scores for the patterns. The Television–Snacking pattern was positively associated with BMI (standardized regression coefficient β = 0.05; p < 0.05), and children with this pattern showed a positive tendency toward being overweight at age 8 (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.27, p = 0.06). In addition, the Sports–Computer pattern was significantly positively associated with an increased risk of becoming overweight at age 7 (OR = 1.28, p < 0.05). Conclusions The current study showed the added value of including eating routines in cross-behavioral clustering analyses. The findings indicate that future interventions to prevent childhood overweight should address eating routines and activity/inactivity simultaneously, using the synergy between clustered behaviors (e.g. between television viewing and snacking).
ISSN 14795868
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-06-01
e-ISSN 14795868
Journal International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 1
Starting Page 77

Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)