|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS ♦ GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE ♦ RADIATION PROTECTION ♦ PLANNING ♦ REACTOR ACCIDENTS ♦ HOSPITALS ♦ MEDICAL PERSONNEL ♦ PENNSYLVANIA ♦ PREVENTIVE MEDICINE ♦ PUBLIC HEALTH ♦ RADIATION INJURIES ♦ ACCIDENTS ♦ BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS ♦ BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS ♦ BUILDINGS ♦ FEDERAL REGION III ♦ INJURIES ♦ MEDICAL CENTERS ♦ MEDICINE ♦ NORTH AMERICA ♦ PERSONNEL ♦ RADIATION EFFECTS ♦ USA ♦ Nuclear Reactor Technology- Reactor Safety ♦ Public Health|
|Abstract||The 1979 nuclear accident at Three Mile Island (TMI) near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, caused severe organizational problems for neighboring health care institutions. Dauphin County, just north of TMI, contained four hospitals ranging in distance from 9.5 to 13.5 miles from the stricken plant. Crash plans put into effect within 48 hours of the initial incident successfully reduced hospital census to below 50 per cent of capacity, but retained bedridden and critically ill patients within the risk-zone. No plans existed for area-wide evacuation of hospitalized patients. Future-oriented disaster planning should include resource files of host institution bed capacity and transportation capabilities for the crash evacuation of hospitalized patients during non-traditional disasters.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
|Journal||Am. J. Public Health|
|Organization||Respiratory Therapy, Community General Osteopathic Hospital, Harrisburg, PA|
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