|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION ♦ BIOMASS FUELS ♦ APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ BIOTECHNOLOGY ♦ RESEARCH PROGRAMS ♦ LIGNIN ♦ BIODEGRADATION ♦ WOOD ♦ USES ♦ CELLULOSE ♦ ENZYMES ♦ MICROORGANISMS ♦ WOOD PRODUCTS INDUSTRY ♦ CARBOHYDRATES ♦ CHEMICAL REACTIONS ♦ DECOMPOSITION ♦ INDUSTRY ♦ ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ♦ POLYSACCHARIDES ♦ SACCHARIDES 320300* -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Industrial & Agricultural Processes ♦ Solar Energy ConversionBiomass Production & Conversion(-1989) ♦ Agriculture & Food Technology|
|Abstract||At the Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) of the USDA Forest Service at Madison, WI, scientists are studying microorganisms and their enzymes to find new ways of converting wood to products like pulp, chemicals, and even food. The institute is focusing on lignin biodegradation, direct conversion of solid wood, and fermentation of hemicellulose sugars from wood. Forming the Institute is really the laboratory's way of stressing the importance of basic research in this new area and emphasizing the potential for biotechnology in wood utilization. The work is highly basic in nature and focuses on long-range problems that private industry cannot afford to do and universities find difficult to do. They are, however, working closely with several major universities in each of the three research areas.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
|Organization||Dept. of Agriculture, Madison, WI|
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