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Author Aluru, Neelakanteswar ♦ Vijayan, Mathilakath M.
Source Paperity
Content type Text
Publisher Oxford University Press
File Format PDF ♦ HTM / HTML
Copyright Year ©2008
Abstract ACTH, the primary secretagogue for corticosteroid biosynthesis, binds to melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) and activates the signaling cascade leading to steroid biosynthesis in the adrenal cortex. Whereas MC2R regulation has been studied using mammalian models, little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in ACTH signaling in nonmammalian vertebrates. A full-length cDNA encoding MC2R was sequenced from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) interrenal tissue (analogous to the adrenal cortex in mammals) and showed about 60 and about 44% amino acid sequence similarity to teleosts and humans, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that MC2R from all species clustered together and was distant from other MCRs. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed a marked tissue-specific difference in MC2R mRNA abundance, with the highest levels observed in the interrenal tissue, ovary, and testis. Acute ACTH, but not α-MSH or [Nle4, d-Phe7]-MSH, stimulation resulted in a time- and dose-related elevation in MC2R mRNA abundance in the interrenal tissue. This corresponded with higher steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme gene expression as well as elevated cortisol production. An acute stressor transiently elevated plasma ACTH and cortisol levels at 1 h, and this was followed by a significant increase in MC2R mRNA abundance at 4 h after stressor exposure. Taken together, our results demonstrate that ACTH regulation of MC2R is highly conserved in vertebrates, whereas the tissue-specific distribution of this receptor transcript level leads us to propose a role for ACTH signaling in the stressor-mediated suppression of sex steroid levels in fish.
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2008-09-01
Journal Endocrinology
Volume Number 149
Issue Number 9