|Author||Wenck, Justin ♦ Collier, Jamie ♦ Siebert, Jeff ♦ Amirtharajah, Rajeevan|
|Source||ACM Digital Library|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||AC power supply ♦ DRAM ♦ Energy harvesting ♦ Energy-aware systems ♦ Integrated circuits ♦ Low-power design ♦ Power-on reset ♦ Scaling ♦ Self-timed|
|Abstract||Passive energy harvesting from mechanical vibration has wide application in wearable devices and wireless sensors to complement or replace batteries. Energy harvesting efficiency can be increased by eliminating AC/DC conversion. A test chip demonstrating self-timing, power-on reset circuitry, and dynamic memory for energy harvesting AC voltages has been designed in 180 nm CMOS and tested. An energy scalable DSP architecture implements FIR filters that consume as little as 170 pJ per output sample. The on-chip DRAM retains data for up to 28 ms while register data is retained down to a supply voltage of 153 mV. Circuit operation is confirmed for supply frequencies between 60 Hz and 1 kHz with power consumption below 130 μW. Reaching the limits of miniaturization will require approaching the limits of power dissipation. We extrapolate from this DSP architecture to find the minimum volume required for mechanical vibration energy harvesting sensors.|
|Age Range||18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||New York|
|Journal||ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC)|
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