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Author Zhuang, Jian ♦ Wu, Hua ♦ Ren, Wei ♦ Ye, Zuo-Guang
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY ♦ CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS ♦ ANTIFERROMAGNETISM ♦ CERAMICS ♦ COOLING ♦ CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ♦ DOMAIN STRUCTURE ♦ ELECTRIC FIELDS ♦ IMAGES ♦ MAGNETIC PROPERTIES ♦ MICROSCOPES ♦ PHASE DIAGRAMS ♦ SOLID SOLUTIONS ♦ SQUID DEVICES ♦ TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K ♦ TRIGONAL LATTICES
Abstract The multiferroic solid solution of (1−x)[0.9BiFeO{sub 3}–0.1DyFeO{sub 3}]–xPbTiO{sub 3} with compositions around the morphotropic phase boundary has been synthesized in the form of ceramics and characterized by Piezoresponse Force Microscope (PFM) and Superconducting Quantum Interference Device. Both the original local polar domain structure and the domain evolution after poling have been studied by PFM. The PFM phase imaging has revealed some interesting details of poling and domain switching process: The out-of-plane phase image shows a uniform direction of polarization along the applied electric field, while the in-plane phase image indicates two kinds of domains with antiparallel polarizations. This kind of poled domain structure is explained based on the orientations of the polarization as permitted by the rhombohedral crystal symmetry in grains of different crystallographic orientations. The magnetic properties measured within the temperature range from 1.8 K to 300 K reveal an interesting sequence of magnetic transitions from a weakly ferromagnetic order (WFM{sub 1}) to an antiferromagnetic state (AFM), and then to another weak ferromagnetic phase (WFM{sub 2}), upon cooling. A preliminary magnetic phase diagram is proposed for BDF-34PT.
ISSN 00218979
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-08-21
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Applied Physics
Volume Number 118
Issue Number 7


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