|Author||Bambos, Nicholas ♦ Walrand, Jean|
|Source||ACM Digital Library|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Database concurrency control ♦ Parallel processing ♦ Queueing networks ♦ Queueing theory ♦ Stability theory ♦ Subadditive ergodic theory|
|Abstract||The general problem of parallel (concurrent) processing is investigated from a queuing theoretic point of view.As a basic simple model, consider infinitely many processors that can work simultaneously, and a stream of arriving jobs, each carrying a processing time requirement. Upon arrival, a job is allocated to a processor and starts being executed, unless it is blocked by another one already in the system. Indeed, any job can be randomly blocked by any preceding one, in the sense that it cannot start being processed before the one that blocks it leaves. After execution, the job leaves the system. The arrival times, the processing times and the blocking structures of the jobs form a stationary and ergodic sequence.The random precedence constraints capture the essential operational characteristic of parallel processing and allow a unified treatment of concurrent processing systems from such diverse areas as parallel computation, database concurrency control, queuing networks, flexible manufacturing systems. The above basic model includes the G/G/1 and G/G/ ∞ queuing systems as special extreme cases.Although there is an infinite number of processors, the precedence constraints induce a queuing phenomenon, which, depending on the loading conditions, can lead to stability or instability of the system.In this paper, the condition for stability of the system is first precisely specified. The asymptotic behavior, at large times, of the quantities associated with the performance of the system is then studied, and the degree of parallelism, expressed as the asymptotic average number of processors that work concurrently, is computed. Finally, various design and simulation aspects concerning parallel processing systems are considered, and the case of finite number of processors is discussed.The results proved for the basic model are then extended to cover more complex and realistic parallel processing systems, where each job has a random internal structure of subtasks to be executed according to some internal precedence constriants.|
|Age Range||18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||New York|
|Journal||Journal of the ACM (JACM)|
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