|Author||Burton, Richard R. ♦ Brown, John Seely|
|Source||ACM Digital Library|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data|
|Abstract||This paper describes a paradigm for tutorial systems capable of automatically providing feedback and hints in a game environment. The paradigm is illustrated by a tutoring system for the PLATO game “How the West Was Won”. The system uses a computer-based “Expert” player to evaluate a student's moves and construct a “differential model” of the student's behavior with respect to the Expert's. The essential aspects of the student's behavior are analyzed with respect to a set of “issues”, which are addressed to the basic conceptual constraints that might prevent the student's full utilization of the environment. Issues are viewed as procedural specialists that “wake-up” or become active when an instance of an issue manifests itself in a move. These issue specialists help the Tutor isolate what to comment on. The intent of the system is to transform a “fun” game into a productive learning environment without altering the student's enjoyment.|
|Description||Affiliation: Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts (Burton, Richard R.; Brown, John Seely)|
|Age Range||18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||New York|
|Journal||ACM SIGCUE Outlook (SCOU)|
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