|Author||Liu, Wei ♦ Li, Xiangyan ♦ Xu, Yichun ♦ Liu, C. S. ♦ Liang, Yunfeng|
|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY ♦ BCC LATTICES ♦ BONDING ♦ ELECTRONEGATIVITY ♦ IRON ♦ IRON IONS ♦ SEGREGATION ♦ SOLUTES ♦ SOMMERFELD-WATSON THEORY ♦ STABILITY ♦ STEELS ♦ STRAINS ♦ VALENCE|
|Abstract||Nonuniform strain fields might induce the segregation of alloying solutes and ultimately lead to the mechanical performance degradation of body-centered-cubic (bcc) Fe based steels serving in extreme environments, which is worthy of investigation. In this paper, two typical volume-conserving strains, shear strain (SS) and normal strain (NS), are proposed to investigate the strain effects on solute stabilities in bcc iron by first-principles calculations. For solutes in each transition metal group, the calculated substitution energy change due to SS exhibits a linear dependence on the valence d radius of the solutes, and the slope decreases in an exponential manner as a function of the absolute difference between the Watson's electronegativity of iron and the averaged value of each transition metal group. This regularity is attributed to the Pauli repulsion between the solutes and the nearest neighboring Fe ions modulated by the hybridization of valence d bands and concluded to be originated from the characteristics of valence d bonding between the transition-metal solutes and Fe ions under SS. For main-group and post transition-metal solutes, the considerable drop of substitution energy change due to NS is concluded to be originated from the low-energy side shift of the widened valence s and p bands of the solutes. Our results indicate that the stabilities of substitutional solutes in iron under volume-conserving strain directly correlate with the intrinsic properties of the alloying elements, such as the valence d radius and occupancy, having or not having valence s and p bands.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
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