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Author Labib, Emad L. ♦ Dhonde, Hemant B. ♦ Hsu, Thomas T. C. ♦ Mo, Y. L.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Higher Education Press
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2014
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword shear design ♦ high strength concrete ♦ prestressed girders ♦ full-scale tests ♦ Civil Engineering ♦ Cities, Countries, Regions
Abstract Normal strength prestressed concrete I-girders are commonly used as the primary superstructure components in highway bridges. However, shear design guidelines for high strength PC girders are not available in the current structural codes. Recently, ten 7.62 m (25 feet) long girders made with high strength concrete were designed, cast, and tested at the University of Houston (UH) to study the ultimate shear strength and the shear concrete contribution (V $_{c}$) as a function of concrete strength (f′$_{c}$). A simple semi-empirical set of equations was developed based on the test results to predict the ultimate shear strength of prestressed concrete I-girders. The UH-developed set of equations is a function of concrete strength $(\sqrt {f'_c } )$ , web area (b $_{w}$ d), shear span to effective depth ratio (a/d), and percentage of transverse steel (ρ $_{t}$). The proposed UH-Method was found to accurately predict the ultimate shear strength of PC girders with concrete strength up to 117 MPa (17000 psi) ensuring satisfactory ductility. The UH-Method was found to be not as overly conservative as the ACI-318 (2011) code provisions, and also not to overestimate the ultimate shear strength of high strength PC girders as the AASHTO LRFD (2010) code provisions. Moreover, the proposed UH-Method was found fairly accurate and not exceedingly conservative in predicting the concrete contribution to shear for concrete strength up to 117 MPa (17000 psi).
ISSN 20952430
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-12-16
Publisher Institution Chinese Universities
Publisher Place Heidelberg
e-ISSN 20952449
Journal Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China
Volume Number 8
Issue Number 4
Page Count 15
Starting Page 373
Ending Page 387

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Source: SpringerLink