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Author Li, Zuoan ♦ Ktt, Sabine ♦ Mikula, Adolf
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer US
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2006
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences
Subject Keyword Silver-bismuth-tin ♦ lead-free solders ♦ liquid alloys ♦ thermodynamic properties ♦ electromotive force measurements ♦ Solid State Physics and Spectroscopy ♦ Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation ♦ Characterization and Evaluation of Materials ♦ Optical and Electronic Materials
Abstract As a promising lead-free solder, the thermodynamic properties of the liquid ternary Ag-Bi-Sn system were investigated. Using an appropriate galvanic cell, the partial free energies of Sn in liquid Ag-Bi-Sn alloys were determined as a function of concentration and temperature. Thermodynamic properties were obtained for 27 alloys. Their composition was situated on three cross sections with the constant ratios of Ag:Bi = 2:1, 1:1, and 1:2. The integral Gibbs free energy and the integral enthalpy for the ternary system at 900 K were calculated by Gibbs–Duhem integration.
ISSN 03615235
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2006-12-28
Publisher Place Boston
e-ISSN 1543186X
Journal Journal of Electronic Materials
Volume Number 36
Issue Number 1
Page Count 5
Starting Page 40
Ending Page 44


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Source: SpringerLink