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Author Lang, M. ♦ Henne, R. ♦ Schaper, S. ♦ Schiller, G.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2001
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences
Subject Keyword electrochemical characterization ♦ impedance spectroscopy ♦ laser doppler anemometry (LDA) ♦ solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) ♦ vacuum plasma spraying (VPS) ♦ Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films ♦ Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings ♦ Materials Science ♦ Characterization and Evaluation of Materials ♦ Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment ♦ Analytical Chemistry
Abstract The vacuum plasma spraying (VPS) process allows the production of thin solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with low internal resistances. This enables the reduction of the cell operating temperature without a significant decrease in power density. Consequently, the long-term stability of the cells can be improved and low-cost materials can be used.Different material combinations and spray parameter variations were applied to develop thin-film SOFCs, which were plasma sprayed in a consecutive deposition process onto different porous metallic substrates. The use of Laval nozzles, which were developed at the German Aerospace Center (DLR), and the use of conical F4V standard nozzles enable the fabrication of thin gas tight yttria- and scandia-stabilized ZrO$_{2}$ (YSZ and ScSZ) electrolyte layers and of porous electrode layers with high material deposition rates. The optimization of the VPS parameters has been supported by laser doppler anemometry (LDA) investigations.The development of the plasma-sprayed cells with a total thickness of approximately 100 µm requires an overall electrical and electrochemical characterization process of the single layers and of the completely plasma-sprayed cell assembly. The plasma-sprayed cell layers reveal high electrical conductivities. The plasma-sprayed cells show very good electrochemical performance and low internal resistances. Power densities of 300 to 400 mW/cm$^{2}$ at low operating temperatures of 750 to 800 °C were achieved. These cells can be assembled to high performance SOFC stacks with active cell areas up to 400 cm$^{2}$, which can be operated at reduced temperatures and good long-term stability.
ISSN 10599630
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2001-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15441016
Journal Journal of Thermal Spray Technology
Volume Number 10
Issue Number 4
Page Count 8
Starting Page 618
Ending Page 625

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Source: SpringerLink