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Author Brylev, L. V. ♦ Zakharova, M. N. ♦ Zavalishin, I. A. ♦ Gulyaeva, N. V.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2012
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword lateral amyotrophic sclerosis ♦ blood-brain barrier ♦ Neurosciences
Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a continuously progressing neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by selective damage to motoneurons in the neocortex, brainstem, and spinal cord. The general opinion is that sporadic ALS is a multifactor and multigene disease. Realization of its genetic predisposition is determined by environmental factors. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the border for the neurons of the brain and spinal cord, where they interact with environmental factors. Current knowledge on BBB alterations during ALS helps to reevaluate views on the pathogenesis of the disease, as well as on the development of therapeutic means and methods of their delivery. It has been found that in ALS all BBB components, which separate CNS neurons from endogenous and exogenous damaging factors and participate in the communication between cells of nerve and immune systems, are involved in the pathological process. Currently, there are no data that show that BBB disruption triggers the death of neurons; however, it is an important mechanism of ALS pathogenesis. This should be considered during studies of this disease and development of new methods of treatment. Keeping in mind alterations of the BBB, it is possible to consider CNS cells, BBB cells, and peripheral immune cells as targets of new drugs for ALS treatment.
ISSN 18197124
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-03-14
Publisher Place Dordrecht
e-ISSN 18197132
Journal Neurochemical Journal
Volume Number 6
Issue Number 1
Page Count 7
Starting Page 64
Ending Page 70

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Source: SpringerLink