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Author Karthikeyan, T. ♦ Dasgupta, Arup ♦ Magudapathy, P. ♦ Saroja, S. ♦ Vijayalakshmi, M. ♦ Nair, K. G. M. ♦ Murthy, K. P. N. ♦ Raj, Baldev
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2006
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences
Subject Keyword chloride diffusion ♦ concrete ♦ microstructure ♦ proton-induced x-ray emission (PIXE) ♦ Characterization and Evaluation of Materials ♦ Materials Science ♦ Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings ♦ Quality Control, Reliability, Safety and Risk ♦ Engineering Design
Abstract Microstructural and microchemical features of two types of concrete are investigated employing electron and ion optical techniques. The first type is the concrete cured in seawater or normal water. The second type is concrete cured in normal water and exposed subsequently to seawater. Major constituent phases of concrete and differences in their distribution due to different curing media are identified. Chloride profiles in different concretes are evaluated using the proton induced x-ray emission technique. Diffusion coefficientD was calculated by modeling the diffusion process and comparing with measured profiles.D, thus estimated, is found to be ∼1.8×10$^{−9}$ m$^{2}$/s, which is higher than the reported values of ∼10$^{−11}$ to 10$^{−13}$ m$^{2}$/s. The faster diffusion of chloride in seawater-cured concrete can be attributed to the availability of water medium in wet concrete, in the initial stages of the hydration of cement. The prediction of the concentration profile of chloride in a layer of 100 mm of 28% fly ash containing concrete over concrete exposed to seawater is carried out. For the worst scenario, analytical estimates of the concentration of chloride as a function of time at a distance of 100 mm in the fly ash containing concrete were made. The concentration profiles of chloride expected after 40 years in the fly ash-containing concrete were also estimated using diffusion coefficient values available in the literature.
ISSN 10599495
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2006-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15441024
Journal Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume Number 15
Issue Number 5
Page Count 10
Starting Page 581
Ending Page 590


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Source: SpringerLink