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Author Zhao, T.S. ♦ Li, Y.S. ♦ Shen, S.Y.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher SP Higher Education Press
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2010
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword fuel cell ♦ direct ethanol fuel cells ♦ anion-exchange membrane ♦ ethanol oxidation reaction ♦ oxygen reduction reaction ♦ cell performance ♦ Energy Technology
Abstract Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs) are a promising carbon-neutral and sustainable power source for portable, mobile, and stationary applications. However, conventional DEFCs that use acid proton-exchange membranes (typically Nafion type) and platinum-based catalysts exhibit low performance (i.e., the state-of-the-art peak power density is 79.5 mW/cm$^{2}$ at 90°C). Anionexchange membrane (AEM) DEFCs that use low-cost AEM and non-platinum catalysts have recently been demonstrated to yield a much better performance (i.e., the state-of-the-art peak power density is 160 mW/cm$^{2}$ at 80°C). This paper provides a comprehensive review of past research on the development of AEM DEFCs, including the aspects of catalysts, AEMs, and single-cell design and performance. Current and future research challenges are identified along with potential strategies to overcome them.
ISSN 16737393
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-12-01
Publisher Institution Chinese Universities
Publisher Place Heidelberg
e-ISSN 16737504
Journal Frontiers of Energy and Power Engineering in China
Volume Number 4
Issue Number 4
Page Count 16
Starting Page 443
Ending Page 458

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Source: SpringerLink