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Author Ramachandran, S. ♦ Tiwari, Ashutosh ♦ Narayan, J.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2004
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences
Subject Keyword ZnO ♦ Co ♦ ferromagnetism ♦ pulsed laser deposition ♦ Optical and Electronic Materials ♦ Characterization and Evaluation of Materials ♦ Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation ♦ Solid State Physics and Spectroscopy
Abstract Thin films of ZnO doped with cobalt have been grown by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique in different temperatures ranging from 500°C to 650°C. The films grown on sapphire c-plane single crystal were found to be highly epitaxial. Magnetic properties of these films were studied, and the films exhibited ferromagnetic characteristics at room temperature. Detailed structural and microstructural characterization was performed to correlate the fate of the magnetic impurities, i.e., cobalt, and the cause of magnetic properties. It is established from this work that the magnetic properties of these films are inherent to the system, and any presence of second phase/nanoclusters/precipitates are ruled out as the cause of magnetic properties. The techniques used to establish these were conventional and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) along with electron-energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) and scanning transmission electron microscopy-atomic number (STEM-Z) contrast studies.
ISSN 03615235
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2004-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1543186X
Journal Journal of Electronic Materials
Volume Number 33
Issue Number 11
Page Count 5
Starting Page 1298
Ending Page 1302


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Source: SpringerLink