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Author Pan, S. M ♦ Chiang, J. D ♦ Hwang, W. S
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1997
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences
Subject Keyword gas injection treatment ♦ ladle refining process ♦ mixing efficiency ♦ steelmaking process ♦ water modeling ♦ Characterization and Evaluation of Materials ♦ Materials Science ♦ Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings ♦ Quality Control, Reliability, Safety and Risk ♦ Engineering Design
Abstract The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of injection condition on the mixing efficiency of the gas injection treatment of the ladle refining process in steelmaking. A water modeling approach was employed. A NaCl solution was injected into the vessel and the electric conductivity value of the water solution was measured to represent the concentration of the additive. The results of this investigation reveal that up to a certain level, mixing efficiency is improved as the gas flow rate increases. Off- center injection is better than centerline injection. However, the injection lance should not be too close to the wall. Also, mixing efficiency is improved when the submerged depth of the immersion lance increases. The immersion hood has a optimal size as far as mixing efficiency is concerned. A larger or smaller hood would reduce its efficiency. The submerged depth of the immersion hood should be kept to a minimum to improve mixing efficiency.
ISSN 10599495
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1997-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15441024
Journal Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume Number 6
Issue Number 1
Page Count 5
Starting Page 113
Ending Page 117

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Source: SpringerLink