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Author Zhao, Tongtiegang ♦ Zhao, Jianshi ♦ Hu, Hongchang ♦ Ni, Guangheng
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Higher Education Press
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Earth sciences
Subject Keyword oceanic evaporation ♦ terrestrial evaporation ♦ moisture transport ♦ East Asian Monsoon ♦ westerly wind ♦ Tibetan Plateau ♦ Earth Sciences
Abstract Oceanic evaporation via the East Asian Monsoon (EAM) has been regarded as the major source of precipitation over China, but a recent study estimated that terrestrial evaporation might contribute up to 80% of the precipitation in the country. To explain the contradiction, this study presents a comprehensive analysis of the contribution of oceanic and terrestrial evaporation to atmospheric moisture and precipitation in China’s major river basins. The results show that from 1980 to 2010, the mean annual atmospheric moisture (precipitable water) over China was 13.7 mm, 39% of which originates from oceanic evaporation and 61% from terrestrial evaporation. The mean annual precipitation was 737 mm, 43% of which originates from oceanic evaporation and 57% from terrestrial evaporation. Oceanic evaporation makes a greater contribution to atmospheric moisture and precipitation in the East Asian Monsoon Region in South and East China than terrestrial evaporation does. Particularly, for the Pearl River and southeastern rivers, oceanic evaporation contributes approximately 65% of annual precipitation and more than 70% of summer precipitation. Meanwhile, terrestrial evaporation contributes more precipitation in northwest China due to the westerly wind. For the northwestern rivers, terrestrial evaporation from the Eurasian continents contributes more than 70% of precipitation. There is a linear relation between mean annual precipitation and the contribution of oceanic evaporation to precipitation, with a correlation coefficient of 0.92, among the ten major river basins in China.
ISSN 20950195
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-05-30
Publisher Institution Chinese Universities
Publisher Place Beijing
e-ISSN 20950209
Journal Frontiers of Earth Science in China
Volume Number 10
Issue Number 1
Page Count 12
Starting Page 159
Ending Page 170


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Source: SpringerLink