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Author Mann, B. S.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer US
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword cavitation erosion ♦ diode laser ♦ hydro and thermal power plants ♦ particle erosion ♦ plasma ion nitro-carburizing ♦ thermally sprayed coatings ♦ water droplet erosion ♦ Characterization and Evaluation of Materials ♦ Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings ♦ Quality Control, Reliability, Safety and Risk ♦ Engineering Design
Abstract High-power diode laser (HPDL) surface modification of hydro and thermal power plant components is of the utmost importance to minimize their damages occurring due to cavitation erosion, water droplet erosion, and particle erosion (CE, WDE, and PE). Special emphasis is given on the HPDL surface treatment of martensitic and precipitate-hardened stainless steels, Ti6Al4V alloy, plasma ion nitro-carburized layers, high pressure high velocity oxy-fuel and twin-wire arc sprayed coatings. WDE test results of all these materials and coatings in ‘untreated’ and ‘HPDL- treated at 1550 °C’ conditions, up to 8.55 million cycles, are already available. Their WDE testing was further continued up to 10.43 million cycles. The X20Cr13 and X10CrNiMoV1222, the most common martensitic stainless steels used in hydro and thermal power plants, were HPDL surface treated at higher temperature (1650 °C) and their WDE test results were also obtained up to 10.43 million cycles. It is observed that the increased HPDL surface temperature from 1550 to 1650 °C has resulted in significant improvement in their WDE resistances because of increased martensitic (ά) phase at higher temperature. After conducting long-range WDE tests, the correlation of CE, WDE, and PE resistances of these materials and protective coatings with their mechanical properties such as fracture toughness and microhardness product, ultimate resilience, modified resilience, and ultimate modified resilience has been reviewed and discussed. One of the edges of a 500 MW low pressure steam turbine moving blade (X10CrNiMoV1222 stainless steel) was HPDL surface treated at 1550 °C and its radii of curvatures and deflections were measured. These were compared with the data available earlier from a flat rectangular sample of similar composition and identical HPDL surface temperature.
ISSN 10599495
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-09-02
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15441024
Journal Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume Number 24
Issue Number 11
Page Count 15
Starting Page 4488
Ending Page 4502


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Source: SpringerLink