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Author Roché, Michel
Source CiteSeerX
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Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Gender Inversion ♦ Romance Derivative ♦ Lexical Structuration ♦ Gender Assignment ♦ Er Era ♦ Aio Aia And-iere Iera ♦ Referential Field ♦ Ero Era ♦ Romance Language ♦ Word Construction ♦ Nominal Base ♦ Derivation With-ier Re ♦ Wide Range ♦ Eiro Eira ♦ Recent Synchronic One ♦ Traditional Historical Sudies ♦ Romance Suffix
Abstract The research we present here deals with both gender assignment and the lexical structuration of derivatives constructed with Romance suffixes descended from latin-arius,-aria,-arium. On the one hand, studies on gender assignment in French (Roché, 1991) have shown that gender inversion – from base to derivative –is one of the processes through which gender can be assigned to derivatives built on a nominal base, especially in the derivation with-ier/-ière. This observation makes one wonder whether such inversions can be observed in other Romance languages. On the other hand, the descriptions of this family of suffixes – It.-aio/-aia and-iere/-iera, Fr.-ier/-ière, Oc.-ièr/-ièra, Ca.-er/-era,Sp.-ero/-era, Po.-eiro/-eira – have stumbled on the difficulty to account for the wide range of derivatives, on the categorial, semantic and referential fields. Our purpose is to connect these two approaches, which throw light on each other, and thus make up for a gap in the understanding of word construction. 1. The suffixes originating in-arius have generally been regarded as fundamentally adjectival, in traditional historical sudies (e.g. Rohlfs (1969) on Italian) as well as in recent synchronic ones (e.g. Corbin(1991) on French). Therefore, the distribution of
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