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Author Zhao, Yingchao ♦ Chen, Wei ♦ Teng, Shang-Hua
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract We introduce a new multi-player geometric game, which we will refer to as the isolation game, and study its Nash equilibria and best or better response dynamics. The isolation game is inspired by the Voronoi game, competitive facility location, and geometric sampling. In the Voronoi game studied by Dürr and Thang, each player’s objective is to maximize the area of her Voronoi region. In contrast, in the isolation game, each player’s objective is to position herself as far away from other players as possible in a bounded space. Even though this game has a simple definition, we show that its game-theoretic behaviors are quite rich and complex. We consider various measures of farness from one player to a group of players and analyze their impacts to the existence of Nash equilibria and to the convergence of the best or better response dynamics: We prove that it is NP-hard to decide whether a Nash equilibrium exists, using either a very simple farness measure in an asymmetric space or a slightly more sophisticated farness measure in a symmetric space. Complementing to these hardness results, we establish existence theorems for several special families of farness measures in symmetric spaces: We prove that for isolation games where each player wants to maximize her distance to her m th nearest neighbor, for any m, equilibria always exist. Moreover, there is always a better response sequence starting from any configuration that leads to a Nash equilibrium. We show that when m = 1 the game is a potential game — no better response sequence has a cycle, but when m> 1 the games are not potential. More generally, we study farness functions that give different weights to a player’s distances to others based on the distance rankings, and obtain both existence and hardness results when the weights are monotonically increasing or decreasing. Finally, we present results on the hardness of computing best responses when the space has a compact representation as a hypercube.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Publisher Date 2009-01-01