|Author||Akresh, Richard ♦ Faso, Burkina|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Eighteen Month ♦ Theoretical Framework ♦ Standard Deviation ♦ Household Decision ♦ Child Fostering Decision ♦ Family Structure ♦ Social Network ♦ Child Fostering ♦ Sub-saharan Africa ♦ Risk-coping Mechanism ♦ Unique Dataset ♦ Quality Social Network ♦ Principal Factor ♦ Biological Child ♦ Empirical Evaluation ♦ Exogenous Income Shock ♦ Burkina Faso ♦ Potential Welfare Implication ♦ Network Quality ♦ Labor Demand ♦ Biological Parent ♦ Household Foster Child|
|Description||In Burkina Faso. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1471
Child fostering, the practice of parents sending their own biological children to live with another family, is prevalent throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Given its prevalence and the potential welfare implications for these children living away from their biological parents, this paper attempts to understand why a family decides to foster children using a unique dataset collected by the author during eighteen months of fieldwork in Burkina Faso. This paper presents a theoretical framework, in which children are efficiently allocated across households in a social network, to motivate three principal factors influencing the household decision to foster a child. A household fosters children as a risk-coping mechanism in response to exogenous income shocks, if it has a better quality social network, and to satisfy labor demands within the household. Empirical evaluation of these three covariates finds that they significantly influence the household decision to send a child, but not the decision to receive a child. Increases of one standard deviation in a household's shock, percentage of good
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
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