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Author Hernandez, Lorna ♦ Kathryne, Jarvis Æ ♦ Tyne, Van ♦ Zamboanga, B. L. ♦ Tyne, K. Van ♦ Schwartz, S. J. ♦ Jarvis, L. H.
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Substance Use ♦ Acculturative Stress ♦ Hispanic Early Adolescent ♦ Mediating Role ♦ American Orientation ♦ Consistent Predictor ♦ Ethnic Identity ♦ Hispanic Orientation ♦ Hispanic Cultural Orientation ♦ Self-esteem Building Component ♦ Prevention Program ♦ Monocultural Context ♦ United State ♦ Western Michigan ♦ Important Protective Factor ♦ Mean Age ♦ Precocious Substance Use
Abstract Abstract We examined the extent to which Hispanic orientation and American orientation are associated with substance use (cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana) both directly and indirectly through acculturative stress and self-esteem. Partici-pants were 347 Hispanic early adolescents (50.7 % male; mean age = 12.57, SD = 0.92, range 11–15) from two middle schools in western Michigan. Findings showed that self-esteem emerged as the most consistent predictor of likelihood and extent of substance use. Ethnic identity was positively related to risk for substance use, and acculturative stress and self-esteem mediated the relationships of Hispanic cultural orientation to alcohol use. Self-esteem was the most important protective factor against substance use, and as such, we conclude that prevention programs designed to address precocious substance use that incorporate a self-esteem building component could prove useful among Hispanic early adolescents residing in monocultural contexts within the United States.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study