|Author||Hernandez, Lorna ♦ Kathryne, Jarvis Æ ♦ Tyne, Van ♦ Zamboanga, B. L. ♦ Tyne, K. Van ♦ Schwartz, S. J. ♦ Jarvis, L. H.|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Substance Use ♦ Acculturative Stress ♦ Hispanic Early Adolescent ♦ Mediating Role ♦ American Orientation ♦ Consistent Predictor ♦ Ethnic Identity ♦ Hispanic Orientation ♦ Hispanic Cultural Orientation ♦ Self-esteem Building Component ♦ Prevention Program ♦ Monocultural Context ♦ United State ♦ Western Michigan ♦ Important Protective Factor ♦ Mean Age ♦ Precocious Substance Use|
|Abstract||Abstract We examined the extent to which Hispanic orientation and American orientation are associated with substance use (cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana) both directly and indirectly through acculturative stress and self-esteem. Partici-pants were 347 Hispanic early adolescents (50.7 % male; mean age = 12.57, SD = 0.92, range 11–15) from two middle schools in western Michigan. Findings showed that self-esteem emerged as the most consistent predictor of likelihood and extent of substance use. Ethnic identity was positively related to risk for substance use, and acculturative stress and self-esteem mediated the relationships of Hispanic cultural orientation to alcohol use. Self-esteem was the most important protective factor against substance use, and as such, we conclude that prevention programs designed to address precocious substance use that incorporate a self-esteem building component could prove useful among Hispanic early adolescents residing in monocultural contexts within the United States.|
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study|
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