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Author Gibbons, Jeremy ♦ Paterson, Ross
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract Datatype-generic programs are programs that are parametrized by a datatype or type functor: whereas polymorphic programs abstract from the ‘integers ’ in ‘lists of integers’, datatype-generic programs abstract from the ‘lists of’. There are two main styles of datatype-generic programming: the Algebra of Programming approach, characterized by structured recursion operators arising from initial algebras and final coalgebras, and the Generic Haskell approach, characterized by case analysis over the structure of a datatype. We show that the former enjoys a kind of higherorder naturality, relating the behaviours of generic functions at different types; in contrast, the latter is ad hoc, with no coherence required or provided between the various clauses of a definition. Moreover, the naturality properties arise ‘for free’, simply from the parametrized types of the generic functions: we present a higherorder parametricity theorem for datatype-generic operators. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.3.3 [Programming languages]: Language constructs and features—Polymorphism, patterns, control structures, recursion; F.3.3 [Logics and meanings of programs]: Studies of program constructs—Program and recursion schemes, type structure; F.3.2 [Logics and meanings of programs]: Semantics of programming languages—Algebraic approaches to semantics; D.3.2 [Programming languages]: Language classifications—Functional languages.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study