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Author Abela, John R. Z. ♦ Ho, Moon-Ho R. ♦ Multiwave, A. ♦ Wagner, Clara ♦ Webb, Christian A.
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract The current study utilized a multiwave longitudinal design to examine whether dependency and/or self-criticism influence the course of depressive symptoms in a community sample of adults with a history of major depression. In addition, the authors examined whether self-esteem serves as a buffer against the devel-opment of depressive symptoms following increases in hassles in individuals possessing such traits. At Time 1, 102 participants completed measures assessing depressive symptoms, self-criticism, dependency, and self-esteem. Every 6 weeks for the next year, par-ticipants completed measures assessing depressive symptoms and hassles. High self-criticism was associated with greater ele-vations in depressive symptoms following elevations in hassles in low- but not high-self-esteem individuals. Results with respect to dependency, however, were contrary to hypotheses. High de-pendency was associated with elevations in depressive symptoms following elevations in hassles in high-self-esteem individuals. In contrast, high dependency was associated with chronically elevated depressive symptoms in low-self-esteem individuals.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study