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Author Engelhard, Iris M. ♦ Sijbr, Marit ♦ Hout, Marcel A. Van Den ♦ Rutherford, Natalie M. ♦ Haza, F. ♦ Kocak, Fatma
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Feared Future Event ♦ Healthy Volunteer ♦ Experimental Finding ♦ Intrusive Vivid Image ♦ Mental Imagery ♦ Degrading Flashforwards ♦ Significant Decrease ♦ Performance Anxiety ♦ Future Catastrophe ♦ Previous Study ♦ Related Procedure ♦ Eye Stationary Condition ♦ Image Vividness ♦ Eye Movement ♦ Past Event ♦ Negative Mental Image ♦ Social Fear ♦ Reduced Emotionality
Description Intrusive vivid images of future catastrophe (“flashforwards”) are important in social fears, like performance anxiety. Previous studies in healthy volunteers found that eye movements reduce vividness and emotionality of negative mental images of past events and future–oriented events. This study tested whether eye movements reduce image vividness and emotionality in students with performance anxiety. Participants (N = 29) imagined two feared future events related to performance anxiety during six 24 s blocks per image: one image was accompanied by eye movements, the other was not. Image vividness and emotionality were assessed before and after these blocks. Relative to the eyes stationary condition, eye movements resulted in a significant decrease in image vividness, and a trend was observed for reduced emotionality. The findings add to earlier experimental findings on the benefits of dual-tasks during mental imagery, and suggest that eye movements and related procedures may be helpful in the treatment of performance anxiety.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2011-01-01
Publisher Institution Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, Volume 3 (2012), Issue 5, 724–738 736