Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Novakovic, Andrew M. ♦ Doyon, Maurice ♦ Bishop, Phillip
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Freer Trade ♦ Dairy Product ♦ Bishop Study ♦ U Fmmo ♦ Current Trade Restriction ♦ Raw Milk ♦ Bishop Model ♦ Proportioned Detail ♦ North America ♦ Northeastern United State ♦ Mathematical Approach ♦ Potential Implication ♦ Phillip Bishop ♦ Key Result ♦ Marginal Value ♦ Consumption Activity Characteristic ♦ Significant Difference ♦ Free Trade Scenario ♦ Spatial Optimization Model ♦ Free Trade ♦ Current Policy ♦ Summary Conclusion ♦ Basic Design ♦ United State ♦ Unrestricted Scenario ♦ Free Dairy Trade ♦ U.s. Federal Milk Marketing Order ♦ Comell Program ♦ Dairy Product Market ♦ Canadian Dairy Sector ♦ Aggregated Representation ♦ Spatial Analysis ♦ Central Canadian Province ♦ Optimal Trade Flow ♦ Doyon Study ♦ Dairy Market Operation ♦ Product Aggregation ♦ Maurice Doyon ♦ Current Condition ♦ Dairy Market ♦ Spatial Model
Description This paper presents key results from two studies recently completed by members of the Comell Program on Dairy Markets and Policy. The study by Maurice Doyon compares the optimal trade flows of dairy products and marginal values of raw milk that are predicted by a spatial model of the United States and Canada under conditions of free trade or current trade restrictions (Doyon). The implications of free dairy trade in North America for the viability of U.S. Federal Milk Marketing Orders (US FMMO) is explored in a study by Phillip Bishop (Bishop). Both studies employ highly disaggregated spatial optimization models that represent the production, assembly, processing, distribution, and consumption activities characteristic of dairy market operations. Although very similar in their basic design, the models used in the two studies have significant differences. The Doyon study focuses on the adjoining regions of the Northeastern United States and the central Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec, with a much more aggregated representation of the rest of the United States and Canada. The Bishop model covers all of North America in more evenly proportioned detail. There are also some differences in the level of product aggregation and other details. In any case, both studies can be thought of as drawing on the same conceptual and mathematical approach to representing milk and dairy product markets. Additionally, both studies begin with establishing a baseline that is predicated on current conditions of current highly restricted trade between the two countries and include a free trade scenario. The latter does not reflect any current policy, nor does it correspond to the requirements under GATT, but it does provide an estimate of the most unrestricted scenario. The presentation begins with the Doyon study and concludes with the Bishop study. Summary conclusions are presented at the end. Proceedings
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-01-01
Publisher Institution Understanding Canada/United States Dairy Disputes: Proceedings of the Second Canada/U.S. Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop, Friesen Printers