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Author A. S. Pereira, A. ♦ A. Vilela, B. ♦ E. W. Rutkowski, C.
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Strategic Tool ♦ Environmental Policy-making ♦ Industrial Ecology ♦ Environmental Policy ♦ Environmental Law ♦ Industrial Zoning ♦ Environmental Labeling ♦ Expanded Perspective ♦ Environmental Certification ♦ Environmental Policy-making Process ♦ Emission Standard ♦ Important Instrument ♦ Environmental Licensing ♦ Holistic Approach Industrial Ecology ♦ Producer Responsibility Strategy ♦ Product Life Cycle Assessment ♦ Pollution Prevention ♦ Environmental Management System ♦ Environmental Policy Innovation ♦ Present Structure ♦ Production Process ♦ Control Technique ♦ Manufacturing Company ♦ Environmental Impact
Abstract Most of today’s environmental policies in Brazil rely on controlling the growth of pollution by “command and control ” techniques. During the last two decades, these instruments have been designed to control sources of environmental impacts using industrial zoning, environmental licensing, and emission standards. The present structure of environmental law and policy focuses almost entirely on the activities of manufacturing companies and does not recognize strategies related to pollution prevention and/or cleaner production — such as product life cycle assessment, environmental labeling, environmental management systems, interconnectivity of production process, extended producer responsibility strategy, and environmental certification — as important instruments for auto-regulation. Recognizing that environmental policy must become more focused on “command and covenant ” than “command and control”, this article attempts to provide an expanded perspective of environmental policy innovation based on a more holistic approach — Industrial Ecology — as a strategic tool for environmental policy-making process in Brazil.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-01-01