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Author Alfawareh, Hejab M. ♦ Jusoh, Shaidah
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Context Knowledge ♦ Fuzzy Approach ♦ Ambiguous Entity ♦ Lexical Knowledge ♦ Fuzzy Set ♦ Possibility Theory ♦ Ambiguity Problem ♦ Text Categorization ♦ Information Extraction ♦ Possible Meaning ♦ Cognitive Capability ♦ Obtained Precision Rate ♦ Machine Translation ♦ Abstract Entity Extraction ♦ Natural Language Processing ♦ Measurement Metric ♦ Fundamental Step ♦ Keywords-natural Language Processing ♦ Many Text Mining Application ♦ Lexical Ambiguity ♦ Text Summarization ♦ New Technique
Abstract Abstract—Entity extraction is considered as a fundamental step in many text mining applications such as machine translation, text summarization and text categorization. However, the major challenging issue in extracting the entity from a sentence is the ambiguity problem, namely lexical ambiguity. While a human has a cognitive capability to resolve the meaning easily based on his/her knowledge, it is very difficult for a machine to do so. This paper proposed a new technique for resolving the ambiguity problem through a fuzzy approach and context knowledge. The technique integrates subject and lexical knowledge, the possibility theory, and fuzzy sets into natural language processing. Lexical knowledge was obtained from WordNet, while subject and lexical knowledge have been deployed as context knowledge. Possibility theory and fuzzy sets were applied to select the most possible meaning of an ambiguous entity based on the context. The work was conducted on the noun part-of-speech only. The technique was implemented and tested with 1110 sentences. Precision and recall measurement metrics were used as an evaluation metric. The obtained precision rate is 85.7 % and 80.3 % for recall. The results indicate that the proposed technique is successful. (Abstract) Keywords-natural language processing; ambiguity; context knowledge, fuzzy approach; information extraction I.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article