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Author Hausser, Roland
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
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Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract This paper analyzes the metaphoric use of language symbols in analogy to the nonlinguistic pragmatics of using a tool. The basic mechanism of natural language communication is analyzed as an internal matching between the signs ’ literal meaning and the contextual referents, based on the principle of best match. An important precondition for successful reference is thereby the delimitation of potential referential candidates in the speaker-hearer-internal context of use. This delimitation is based on the STAR-point, i.e. the parameters of the sign’s origin. The pragmatic hierarchy of language uses presented in conclusion is compared with a task of nonlinguistic pragmatics, whereby the different types of use are explained as a way to overcome the inherently limited choice of words for an unlimited variety of referents. 1 Using an organon A theory of nonlinguistic pragmatics must describe the structure of the tools, of the objects to be worked on, and the user’s strategies of applying a tool to an object in order to realize a certain purpose. Analogously, a theory of linguistic pragmatics requires an explicit definition of literal meaning (tool), of the interpretation context (object to be worked on), and of the strategies for relating a literal meaning and a context such that the intended speaker meaning is communicated. Just as a tool is positioned in a specific spot of the object to be worked on and then manipulated in a purposeful way, a suitable literal meaning is positioned relative to a certain internal subcontext in order to represent it linguistically (speaker mode) or to insert it into the subcontext (hearer mode). 2 Internal matching pragmatics In the SLIM theory of language, 1 the utterance meaning (meaning 2) is defined as the use of a literal meaning (meaning 1) relative to a context of use. Reference is modeled as an internal matching procedure between the meaning 1 of language (types) and corresponding contextual referents (I-concepts loc, tokens). This procedure is illustrated in 2.1 with the sign type symbol, whose meaning 1 is defined as an M-concept.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Institution Universität Erlangen-nürnberg
Publisher Department Abteilung Computerlinguistik (clue