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Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Special Report Rapport Sp Cial ♦ Public Health ♦ Animal Health ♦ Defined Plan ♦ Different Class ♦ Comprehensive Data Model ♦ Common Vector ♦ Terrorism Prevention ♦ Public Health Event ♦ Disease Surveillance ♦ Different Organism ♦ Many Zoonotic Agent ♦ Health Canada ♦ Antimicrobial Resistance ♦ Human Animal Environment Interface ♦ Canadian Integrated Public Health Surveillance ♦ Surveillance Data ♦ Food Safety Surveillance ♦ Animal Product ♦ Several Federal Laboratory ♦ Understanding Disease Ecology ♦ Population-based Data ♦ Subject Type ♦ National Health Surveillance Program ♦ Decision Maker ♦ Infectious Disease ♦ Environmental Reservoir ♦ Data Management ♦ Several Ciphs Initiative ♦ Genetic Factor ♦ Many Country ♦ Regular Collection ♦ Several Source ♦ Analysis Tool ♦ Laboratory Data Management System ♦ Government Department ♦ Particular Condition ♦ Safe Food Production ♦ Risk Factor ♦ Recent Year
Abstract Benefits of linking public health, animal health, and food safety surveillance In many countries, there is increasing pressure to integrate surveillance of public health (“disease surveillance”) with surveillance of the risk factors that may precede public health events, now frequently referred to as “surveillance of exposure ” (SOE). In Canada, this pressure comes from several sources, including the government departments responsible for public health, terrorism prevention, and safe food production. Justification for such pressure may differ somewhat for different classes of disease. For infectious diseases, it relates to a growing awareness of the importance of the human/animal/environment interface in understanding disease ecology (the recognition that many zoonotic agents are transferred to humans through their exposure to animals, animal products, feces, or common vectors). It is also now understood that genetic factors (virulence and antimicrobial resistance) can be transferred among different organisms; including between pathogens and nonpathogens, and that there is a growing environmental reservoir of organisms that are virulent, resistant, or both. Surveillance involves the regular collection of population-based data, the analyses required to turn data into knowledge, the dissemination of the knowledge to decision makers, and the actions undertaken to prevent disease. Surveillance may be passive (using data already collected for other purposes) or active (collecting data according to a defined plan relating to a particular condition). Health Canada, during its reorganization over recent years, undertook a number of national health surveillance programs, including the Canadian Integrated Public Health Surveillance (CIPHS) project, designed to improve the data management and analysis tools available to those responsible for surveillance. Several CIPHS initiatives enable and encourage the integration of surveillance data. First, a comprehensive data model has been developed for the management of data relating to multiple subject types; including human, animal, food, and environment. A laboratory data management system (LDMS), based on this model, is in use in several federal laboratories and will be tried out in animal health in
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study