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Author Chartr, Tanya L. ♦ Lakin, Jessica L. ♦ Arkin, Robert M.
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract ABSTRACT—Research across various disciplines has dem-onstrated that social exclusion has devastating psycholog-ical, emotional, and behavioral consequences. Excluded individuals are therefore motivated to affiliate with others, even though they may not have the resources, cognitive or otherwise, to do so. The current research exploredwhether nonconscious mimicry of other individuals—a low-cost, low-risk, automatic behavior—might help excluded in-dividuals address threatened belongingness needs. Ex-periment 1 demonstrated that excluded people mimic a subsequent interaction partner more than included people do. Experiment 2 showed that individuals excluded by an in-group selectively (and nonconsciously) mimic a confed-erate who is an in-group member more than a confederate who is an out-group member. The relationship between exclusion and mimicry suggests that there are automatic behaviors people can use to recover from the experience of being excluded. In addition, this research demonstrates that nonconscious mimicry is selective and sensitive to context. Violence (e.g., the shootings at Virginia Tech) is often assumed to be partially caused by social isolation, and as a result, recent violent incidents have increased research interest in the con-sequences of exclusion. The conclusion from this literature is that exclusion indeed has adverse emotional, psychological, and behavioral consequences (MacDonald & Leary, 2005; Williams,
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study