Access Restriction

Author Frank, Lawrence ♦ Glanz, Karen ♦ Mccarron, Meg ♦ Sallis, James ♦ Saelens, Brian ♦ Chapman, James
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Demographic Context ♦ Food Outlet Type ♦ Spatial Distribution ♦ Built Environment ♦ Food Quality ♦ Food Outlet ♦ Income Community ♦ Dit Erent Type ♦ Healthy Food ♦ Fast Food Restaurant ♦ Activity Pam Ern ♦ Demographic Sem Ings ♦ Fundamental Transportation ♦ Food Quality Ot ♦ Income Area ♦ Environmental Justice Concern ♦ Atlanta Region ♦ As-sumed Level ♦ Food Establishment ♦ Convenient Access ♦ Grocery Versus Convenience Store ♦ Immediate Environment ♦ Road Network Distance ♦ Current Study ♦ Diu Cult ♦ Elementary School ♦ Urban Form ♦ Auto-oriented Envi-ronments ♦ Food Outlet Quality ♦ Food Choice ♦ Healthy Food Choice ♦ Health Outcome ♦ Spatial Relationship ♦ Convenience Store ♦ Dietary Behavior ♦ Detailed Audit ♦ School Site ♦ Living Facility ♦ Important Implication ♦ Geographic Information System ♦ Food Quality Varies
Abstract Safe and convenient access to healthy foods for all populations is a fundamental transportation and environmental justice concern. Emerging evidence suggests that residents of lower income communities have less access to healthy food choices than those in higher income areas. Most studies to date rely on an as-sumed level of food quality generalized across diT erent types of food outlets (e.g., grocery versus convenience stores) mapped in space. The current study includes a detailed audit of food quality oT ered in 302 food establishments in four communities in the Atlanta Region and compares proximity to these outlets in diT ering urban and demographic sem ings. The analyses focus on a middle and elementary school in each community and compare the spatial relationships between schools and sit-down and fast food restaurants and between grocery and convenience stores. Road network distances from school sites to each food outlet were calculated in a geographic information system. Results suggest that food quality varies across neighborhoods by income, but not by walkability. Results also suggest the potential for food quality to vary diT erentially with distance from schools in higher versus lower income communities. Walking or biking to get food is diU cult in auto-oriented envi-ronments which has important implications on sustainability. Youth, elderly, and other populations which do not drive are more reliant on the food choices oT ered in their immediate environments, such as in schools or assisted living facilities. Methods employed can be expanded to examine associations between food outlet quality, urban form, travel and activity pam erns, dietary behavior, and health outcomes.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study