|Author||Kauffmant, Stuart A. ♦ Johnsen, Sonke|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Coevolutionary Avalanche ♦ Coupled Fitness Landscape ♦ Nash Equilibrium ♦ Immediate Partner ♦ Length Scale ♦ Power Law Distribution ♦ Abroadened Framework ♦ Ruggedness Oflandscapes ♦ Epistatic Interaction ♦ Coevolutionary Namics ♦ Coevolutionary System ♦ Sustained Mean Fitness ♦ Evolutionary Rnetadynamics ♦ Statistical Model ♦ Sustained Fitness ♦ Nk Class ♦ Large Extinction Event ♦ Many Player ♦ Fitness Contribution ♦ Natural Selection ♦ Perturba-tions Equilibrium ♦ Fitness Landscape ♦ Poised State ♦ Adaptive Move ♦ Rugged Fitness Landscape|
|Abstract||We introduce abroadened framework to study aspects of coevolution based on the NK class of statistical models of rugged fitness landscapes. In these models the fitness contribution of each of N genes in a genotype depends epistatically on K other genes. Increasing epistatic interactions i creases the rugged multipeaked character of the fitness landscape. Coevolution is thought of, at the lowest level, as a coupling of landscapes uch that adaptive moves by one player deform the landscapes of its immediate partners. In these models we are able to tune the ruggedness oflandscapes, how richly intercoupled any two landscapes are, and how many other players interact with each player. All these properties profoundly alter the character of the coevolutionary d namics. In particular, these parameters govern how readily coevolving ecosystems achieve Nash equilibria, how stable to perturba-tions such equilibria are, and the sustained mean fitness of coevolving partners. In turn, this raises the possibility that an evolutionary rnetadynamics due to natural selection may sculpt landscapes and their couplings to achieve coevolutionary systems able to coadapt well. The results suggest that sustained fitness is optimized when landscape ruggedness relative to couplings between landscapes i tuned such that Nash equilibria just tenuously form across the ecosystem. In this poised state, coevolutionary avalanches appear to propagate on all length scales in a power law distribution. Such avalanches may be related to the distribution of small and large extinction events in the record. 1.|
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study|
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