|Author||Purushothaman P., K. ♦ Ramakrishnan, R. ♦ Kiruthiga Devi, M.|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Endoscopic Endonasal Resection ♦ Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma ♦ Endoscopic Endonasal Approach ♦ Abstract Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma ♦ Tomography Study ♦ Left Pterygopalatine Fossa ♦ Middle Cerebral Artery ♦ Tumor Removal ♦ Young Adolescent Male ♦ Preoperative Endovascular Embolization ♦ Nasopharyngeal Region ♦ Endoscopic Approach ♦ Moderate Enhancement ♦ Rare Benign Neoplasm ♦ Central Artery Occlusion ♦ Index Term ♦ Significant Reduction ♦ Great Surgical Challenge ♦ Embolization Facility ♦ Oroantral Fistula ♦ Primary Treatment ♦ Nasal Cavity ♦ Left Posterior Nasal Cavity ♦ Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma ♦ Intraoperative Bleed ♦ Prior Preoperative Embolization ♦ Paranasal Sinus ♦ Contrast Administration Consistent ♦ Intraoperative Bleeding ♦ Surgical Approach ♦ Standard Open Method ♦ Vascular Nature ♦ Ophthalmic Artery ♦ Torrential Bleed ♦ Ipsilateral Pterygoid Process ♦ Defined Mass|
|Abstract||Abstract- Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a rare benign neoplasm that occurs in the nasopharynx particularly seen in young adolescent males. Surgery is the primary treatment of choice. Surgical approaches are either a standard open method or with the advent of endoscopes, recently it is endoscopic endonasal approach. With either of the approaches, it poses a great surgical challenge for the surgeons because of the vascular nature of the tumor and hence its risk for torrential bleed. Preoperative endovascular embolization has significantly reduced the risk of intraoperative bleeding and aids in tumor removal. However, embolization facilities are not available at all centres and embolization per se itself carries risk as high as 20 % leading to central artery occlusion, oroantral fistula due to tissue necrosis, occlusion of the middle cerebral artery followed by stroke and occlusion of ophthalmic artery. We present this article to share our experience of resection of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma using endoscopic endonasal approach without prior preoperative embolization and the importance of working around the periphery of the tumor with ligation of pedicle which helps in significant reduction of intraoperative bleed. left nasal cavity. Computed Tomography study of Paranasal Sinus revealed well defined mass in left posterior nasal cavity and nasopharyngeal region with extension to the left pterygopalatine fossa expanding and eroding the ipsilateral pterygoid process with moderate enhancement on contrast administration consistent with juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. (Fig.1) Index Terms- juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, embolisation, endoscopic approach. T I.|
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
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