|Author||Cunningham, Mary K. ♦ Sawyer, Noah|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Mobility Counseling ♦ Voucher Program ♦ Housing Voucher ♦ Numerous Barrier ♦ Considerable Evidence Show ♦ Lower-poverty Neighborhood ♦ Wide Range ♦ Voucher Holder ♦ Good One ♦ Peer Group ♦ Low-income Renter ♦ Bad Neighborhood ♦ Housing Agency ♦ Tight Rental Market ♦ Federal Government ♦ Private-market Landlord ♦ Wider Opportunity ♦ Program Regulation ♦ Policy Prescription ♦ Program Participant ♦ Private Rental Market ♦ Family Access ♦ Utility Cost ♦ Many Poor Family ♦ Monthly Income ♦ Different Story ♦ Private-market Tenant ♦ First Step ♦ United State ♦ Household Capacity ♦ Low-poverty Neighborhood ♦ Intuition Support ♦ Housing Choice Voucher Program|
|Abstract||We know little about how mobility counseling programs operate, what makes them effective, and which components need strengthening. Both research and intuition support the idea that neighborhoods matter, especially for children (Ellen and Turner 1997; Brooks-Gunn et al. 1997). The neighborhood a family lives in is likely to influence where a child attends school, his or her peer group, and the family’s exposure to violence or drugs. For many poor families, moving from a bad neighborhood to a good one may be the first step toward self-sufficiency and wider opportunities. However, the policy prescription for helping families access better neighborhoods is less clear. There is evidence that the Housing Choice Voucher Program helps families move to better neighborhoods and that households with housing vouchers are more likely to live in lower-poverty neighborhoods than other low-income renters (Goering, Stebbins, and Siewert 1995; Turner 1998). With vouchers, families rent units from private-market landlords. Program participants pay about 30–40 percent of their monthly income toward their rental and utility costs and the federal government makes up the difference. In principle, voucher holders have a wide range of choices when deciding where to live. Voucher holders can move to any jurisdiction in the United States with an authority that administers a voucher program (there are over 2,500 housing agencies nationwide). While program regulations allow for choice in where to live, the reality on the ground tells a different story. Finding a unit to rent with a voucher, particularly a unit in a low-poverty neighborhood, relies primarily on the household’s capacity to navigate the private rental market, and considerable evidence shows that voucher holders face numerous barriers. Landlords are apprehensive about participating in the voucher program. This reluctance is especially problematic in tight rental markets where landlords can more easily find private-market tenants to rent their units (Cunningham,|
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study|
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